Table of Contents
What is Elephantiasis?
Elephantiasis is a type of tropical diseases. It is also known as Lymphatic diseases. Elephantiasis is caused by parasitic worms or Fliraial parasites. Mainly Elephantiasis is caused by infection transmitted to humans by mosquitoes bite. These parasites damage human’s lymphatic system. Usually infection occurs in childhood.
According to World Health Organization around 120 million people are affected by elephantiasis. Elephantiasis can lead to the abnormal swelling of body parts and make them thick and hard like elephant skin. Most of the affected people are from Africa and South Asia.
Symptoms of Elephantiasis
The main common symptoms of elephantiasis are swelling of body parts. These are the following parts of the body in which swelling occurs.
- Sex organs.
When a person gets affected by filarial parasite it will lead to impaired immune function and damage lymphatic system. It will lead to dryness of skin and make it thick and hard.
The legs are most commonly affected area in elephantiasis. This enlargement leads to pain and mobility tissues.
The skin may become
Elephantiasis affects not only body parts, but also affects social-stigma and mental health.
It will lead to income loss and increase medical expenses of the patient.
Prevention and Treatment of Elephantiasis
Before prevention let us know about the parasitics bacterias which are responsible for elephantiasis
- Wuchereria bancrofti
- Brugia malayi
- Brugia timori
Prevention of Elephantiasis
- If you are living in the area of elephantiasis affected region, Then avoid mosquitoes bite.
- Be sure to use mosquitoes nets during night, stay away from mosquitoes breeding area
- Live long-term in tropical and subtropical regions
- Stay away from unhygenic area
- Take regular medical test and keep medical history for future safety.
Treatment of Elephantiasis
- In medical literature elephantiasis is known as Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD), It can be eliminated globally by proper treatment. Basically, treatment consists of the annual time period to eliminate parasitics worms.
- Treatment for episodes of adenolymphangitis (ADL)
- Treatment of infected people with antifilarial medicines
- Taking diethylcarbamazine (DEC), albendazole, and ivermectin as a preventive treatment before traveling to areas prone to infection
Not every patient of elephantiasis need medication, It’s because they carry a roundworm for short period of time. They can manage swelling and skin infections by their own by.
- As per doctor direction be sure to exercise daily to support lymphatic systems
- Washing and cleaning affected part regularly
- Moisturizing the skin regularly
- Individual counseling and by joining a support group.